Proposals for land preservation, new land use and management practices
3rd June 2013 - Brussels
Venue: European Economic and Social Commitee
Rue de Trèves, 74 - Bruxelles
Land Sharing vs. Land Grabbing
What is Land Grabbing?
Land grabbing commonly means large-scale land acquisitions (buying or leasing) by private or public entities, without due regards to local communities decisions, needs, rights and protection. It is usually used for phenomena occurring in Southern countries since the 2007-2008 crisis of commodity prices. So can we talk about land grabbing in Europe?
Some trends and recent evolutions of farmland management in Europe take similar forms and/or have similar consequences than those of land grabbing in the South. Diminution of agricultural land and land concentration, sale and rent price increase, disconnection between agricultural land use value and its price, insufficient renewal of farmers' generations, competition between food, fibre and agrofuels for agricultural land use or massive financial investments in farmland are a source for concern. In this respect, Europe is no exception to the global context of increasing pressure on agricultural land and food production, and financial concerns taking precedence over community choices.
What is Land Sharing?
A number of citizen-led initiatives have developed to provide easier land access to local, ecological forms of agriculture geared at matching the needs of their communities. They are of different shape and size, some are centred on one or two farms, others have regional or national scope. They engage in different ways with consumers, local inhabitants, and other local stakeholders, but all include some forms of involvement of the communities in land use and management. Many of these initiatives have already been very successful and bear testimony to the interest and readiness of the public to get involved in favour of ecological, local food production and the preservation of vibrant rural areas. Although they are still a loose movement, these initiatives pave the way for inventing new ways of owning and managing land as a common good. They (re)place farmers as part of a long chain of good land stewards, develop a long-term perspective on land use and environment protection and try to reconnect land with its intrinsic and use value, rather than its market price. They have many challenges ahead, but also experiences and reflections to share with all those concerned in the future of European agriculture, food and countryside.
Liste d'articles et vidéos liés au thème d'une métamorphose de la propriété privée, notamment celle de la terre agricole :
> 09 Conséquences sur le travail humain, la propriété privée et l'allocation des moyens de production (2012) - Mouvement pour la triarticulation sociale
> 10 La propriété privée au service de la collectivité : le transfert du droit d'usage des moyens de production (2012) - Mouvement pour la triarticulation sociale
> 11 La terre n'est pas une marchandise (2012) - Mouvement pour la triarticulation sociale
> Pistes concrètes pour une métamorphose du droit de propriété privée • Une étude de cas. (2013) - Stéphane Lejoly
> Chante Terre : vers un nouveau droit d'usage de la Terre ? (1994) - Stéphane Lejoly